These terms will be test on the test on 3/22. The test will be multiple choice. This is essentially a recall test, so a lot of depth of knowledge is not necessary to do well.
For the test after spring break, students will need a good understanding of these terms to be able to answer the final unit question. More information about that test later!
For extra credit on the vocabulary test, students can make a set of note cards of the words. Please follow instructions:
1) List the word on one side of the card
2) On the back of the card, write the definition and include a picture of symbol of the word – something that makes sense to the student
3) Add color/ make it look good
If the student brings cards to the test that meet the criteria listed above, they will be awarded 20% extra credit on the vocabulary exam (100% is the highest a student can earn on the test even with extra credit)
Organelles – the parts of a cell, like nucleus, mitochondria, etc
Cells – the basic unit of life. All of our DNA is in every cell.
Tissues – cells work together to make tissues – like muscle, brain, and skin tissue.
Organs – tissues work together to make organs – like heart, lung, liver, etc.
Organ Systems – organs work together to form organ systems, like the respiratory, nervous, and digestive systems.
Organism – any living plant or animal; made of organ systems.
Ecosystem – living and non-living things that depend on each other in an area – like a pond, forest, or mountain.
DNA – where the instructions to make life is stored; found in the cells
Mutation – a change in an organism’s DNA due to environmental factors or the cell making a mistake. Usually (but not always!) are harmful for an organism.
Phenotype – the observed traits of an organism, like eye or leaf color; depends on the genotype
Genotype – the genes that cause traits in an organism
Adaptation – a characteristic that helps an organism survive; includes a structure and a function
Structure – traits of an organism, like stems, ears, and tails.
Function – what a trait does to help an organism survive
Species – an organism is part of the same species if the two organisms can mate and together they can make an offspring that can have another offspring. (a specific plant or animal)
Punnett Square – a visual tool in the shape of a square that helps predict the traits of future generations
Commensalism – a species relationship term where one species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
Parasitism – a species relationship where one species is helped and the other is harmed
Predation – a species relationship where one species kills (predator) kills and consumes the other species (prey) for energy.
Mutualism – a species relationship term where both species benefit from the relationship.
Niche – the specific job or an organism in an ecosystem. Producer? Place on the food web? How does it impact ecosystem? Etc.
Biotic The living parts of the ecosystem. Plants/ Animals
Abiotic The non-living part of the ecosystem. Rocks. Sun. Water. Etc.
Competition – another relationship word. Fighting over limited resources.
Evolution – the process where species slowly change over time and can result in a new species
Natural Selection – the factors of an ecosystem such as climate, other species, water, etc, influence which changes in the new generation will be beneficial and stick and which will not be beneficial.
Random – a roll of the dice; without direction, aim rule, or method. Mutations are random.
Genetic Isolation – when a population of organisms are separated from another population by distance or by a geographic barrier.
Biome – a geographic area defined by the climate and the vegetation.